Lesson Plans for Apple Unit

Vocabulary for this unit

Vocabulary Test

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Day 1

Vocabulary

orchard An area of land devoted to the cultivation of fruit or nut trees.

Drink apple cider or eat applesauce to get the unit started.

Using apple-shaped writing paper have students make a booklet. The students will write an apple saying each day in the booklet, and discuss the meaning of the saying.

Apple Saying of the Day - Adam's Apple: The term came from the knot in a man's throat. Some say this bulge was caused by a piece of the forbidden apple from the Garden of Eden's Tree of Knowledge that lodged in Adam's throat.

Java Script Johnny Appleseed Hidden Picture Find http://www.niehs.nih.gov/kids/apples.htm

Read Learn to Read with Classic Stories - Johnny Appleseed. On Day 1 the teacher reads to the students and on Day 2 the students reread this story with a partner. After reading students should complete the skill sheets:

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Day 2

Vocabulary

settlers One who settles in a new region.

Apple Saying of the Day - The Big Apple:  This is the nickname for New York. It dates back to the 1930s and 1940s when many great jazz players played in Manhattan. Soon it was said that New York had "lots of apples on the tree" - that means many places to play jazz.

You Can Draw It! (Thematic Unit - Apples page 60)

Read Learn to Read with Classic Stories - Johnny Appleseed. On Day 2 the students reread this story with a partner. After reading students should complete the skill sheets:

PowerPoint Presentations

 

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Day 3

Vocabulary

harvest To gather (a crop).

Apple Saying of the Day - An apple a day keeps the doctor away:  Comes from an old English saying. No one knows the author of this saying. The saying means that apples are good for your health.

Read Johnny Appleseed by Steven Kellogg
Sequencing Activity - Johnny's Apple Pie (Thematic Unit - Tall Tales page 20)
Have students complete the map of Johnny Appleseed's travels (Thematic Unit - Tall Tales page12)

Students read Johnny Appleseed (All Aboard Reading) by Patricia Demuth

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Day 4

Vocabulary

variety A group that is distinguished from other groups by a specific characteristic or set of characteristics.

Apple Saying of the Day - Apple of my eye:  This expression goes back to ancient Greece and Rome. At this time people thought the pupil of the eye looked like an apple. Also the pupil that thought to be a "window" to a person's inner secrets. So the "apple of my eye" meant someone very loved.

Read to students Johnny Appleseed Goes a Planting (A Troll First-Start Tall Tale)
Students sequence sentence strips to retell the story.

Apple Tasting - Have students sample different varieties of apples. Students will then make a bar graph of the class favorites. (Save seeds.)

Graph for Favorites

Students read The Apple Wise Guys:  http://www.usapple.org/educators/applestore/index.shtml
Discuss the pages that show the different varieties of apples. Compare these varieties to the ones sampled in the apple tasting activity.

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Day 5

Vocabulary

cellars A room or enclosed space used for storage, usually beneath the ground or under a building.

Apple Saying of the Day - As American as apple pie:  Although Americans claim they invented apple pie it was really invented in the 1300s in England. The Pilgrims brought the skills of pie making with them when they came to America.

Watch Reading Rainbow - How to Make an Apple Pie and See the World
Reading Rainbow Episode #1113 - How to Make an Apple Pie

From cutting onions to peeling tomatoes, chef Curtis Aiken shows Levar the basics to cooking and retaining natural flavors and vitamins in food. Helen Mirren reads the book How to Make an Apple Pie and See the World by Marjorie Priceman. Kids review the books The Edible Pyramid, Kids Around the World Cookbook, and What Food Is This?

Do:

No-Bake Cooking Activity: Filled Thumbprint Cookies

Ingredients:

1 package vanilla wafer cookies
2 teaspoons vanilla
2/3 cup clear Karo syrup
cup jelly or preserves

Place the vanilla wafer cookies into a gallon size plastic baggie and zip closed. Ask your child or children to crush the cookies into tiny crumbs. Place the crushed cookies into a mixing bowl. In a separate bowl, combine the Karo syrup and the vanilla. Have the children drizzle the syrup mixture over the wafer crumbs and mix well with their hands. Ask your children to help you shape the cookie mixture into 1-inch balls and place them on a cookie sheet. Have the children press their thumbs into the center of the balls to make indentations, and then spoon the jelly into the indentations. Cover and chill for 1 hour before serving. Makes approximately 10 cookies.

 

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Day 6 -

Apple Saying of the Day - One bad apple spoils the whole bunch:  First said by Chaucer

Vocabulary

crisp Pleasingly firm and fresh; crunchy

Read to students The Little Red House with the Star Inside: http://www.coe.iup.edu/worldofkindergarten/aplesto.html
http://falcon.jmu.edu/~ramseyil/storyapple.htm
http://www.fortunecity.com/millenium/sherwood/504/rdhs.html
Then students read story again using the Reader's Theater Version.

Students eat an apple while completing this descriptive writing exercise.
Use Sense Matrix for Apple Writings  (Thematic Unit - Apples page 42) Use the matrix during English class to write a paragraph.

3-D Fruit Craft http://www.enchantedlearning.com/crafts/plants/fruit/ Make the mobile with just apples. Glue the seeds that were saved onto the center of the apples.

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Day 7 -

Apple Saying of the Day - Upper Crust:  In early America when cooking supplies were scare the cooks would make an apple pie without the top crust to save on ingredients. People with more money did not have to do this. Therefore rich families became known as "the upper crust".

Vocabulary

tart Sharp to the taste; acid; sour; bitter

A pastry shell with shallow sides, no top crust, and any of various fillings.

Compare/Contrast Johnny Appleseed (fictional character) to John Chapman (the real man) http://www.virginiaapples.org/kids/appleseed.html

Activity - Apple Tarts

refrigerator biscuits or Crescent Rolls
apple -peeled and chopped
3 TBS sugar
2 tsp ground cinnamon
2 TBS butter

1.  Using a rolling pin, flatten each biscuit to a 3-in.
2.  to 4-in.
3.  circle.
4.  Combine the apple,  sugar and cinnamon; place a tablespoonful on each biscuit.
5.  Dot with butter.
6.  Bring up sides of biscuit to enclose filling and pinch to seal.
7.  Place in ungreased muffin cups.
8.  Bake at 375 for 11-13 minutes or until golden brown.

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Day 8

Vocabulary

core The hard or fibrous central part of certain fruits, such as the apple or pear, containing the seeds.

Apple Saying of the Day - Don't upset the apple cart:  In the 1800s "apple cart" was wrestlers' slang for the body. Down with his apple cart meant to throw a man down. Today this saying means ruin a plan or event by surprise or accident; cause a major problem; stop progress.

Craft Activity
Flower pot apples  http://familycrafts.about.com/cs/applecrafts/l/blcpapple.htm

Materials Needed:
 
  • 3 inch Terra Cotta Clay Pot
  • 3 inch Terra Cotta Clay Saucer
  • Small Wooden Spool
  • Fun Foam
  • Paint
  • Clear Acrylic Sealer Spray
  • Glue (hot glue gun preferred)
Instructions:
Wipe down your terra cotta pot and saucer with a damp cloth and let dry completely.

Paint the clay pot and saucer red (figure 1) - let dry. Paint a face on pot (figure 2). Paint the wooden spool green. Once all your paint is dry, spray it with the clear acrylic sealer.

 

Flip the saucer upside down and place it as a lid on top of the clay pot. Glue the wooden spool on to the bottom of the saucer (figure 3). Cut a small leaf shape out of fun foam and glue it to the wooden spool. Your apple is now done! A great place to keep treasures, candy, or other small items.