dance5.gif (19458 bytes)

 

The History of Chocolate - 1800's

1819 Francois-Louis Cailler returns from Italy where he studied chocolate-making. He established the first Swiss chocolate factory  in Corsier.
1822 John Cadbury, a Quaker who tried to convince people that drinking chocolate was much healthier than alcohol, opens a tea and coffee shop in Birmingham, England.
1828 Coenraad Van Houten, a Dutch chocolate maker, invents   a hydraulic press that is used to make cacao powder.
1832 Francois-Louis Cailler opens a large plant in Corsier, Switzerland.
1840 Cailler opens a second chocolate factory in Vevey, Switzerland. Twenty years later this factory is sold to Julien and Daniel Peter who invent milk chocolate.
1847 The first manufacturer of chocolate in England creates the first chocolate bars. Their shop is called J. S. Fry & Sons. Not many people liked this because of its bitter taste.
1860 John Cadbury joins with his brother Benjamin to form the Cadbury Brothers of Birmingham. A year later the business goes to John's sons, Richard and George.
1861 Richard Cadbury creates the heart-shaped candy box for Valentine's Day.
1862 The Baker's Chocolate Company obtains the rights to use the painting La Belle Chocolatiere, by the Swiss artist Jean-étienne Liotard. The painting shows the wife of Prince Dietrichstein as a maid serving chocolate. This was how she was dressed when the prince first mets her. Baker's Chocolate Company will use this same painting as their company trademark. This is one of the oldest product trademarks in the United States.
1864 Jean Tobler begins production of handmade confections in Bern, Switzerland.
1872 Baker's Chocolate Company begins to use the chocolate girl painting as the company trademark.
1875 Daniel Peter figures out how to combine milk and cocoa power to create milk chocolate.
1879 Rodolphe Lindt invents the conch. This is a machine that stirs liquid chocolate to break down any remaining clumps. This machines makes the chocolate smooth for the first time. Lindt calls this chocolate fondant and labels his candy bars Lindt Surfin.
1890 Henri Nestlé dies in Montreux, Switzerland. He was the founder of the Nestlé Company.
1893 Milton Hershey goes to the World's Colombian Exposition in Chicago. He watches a demonstration of German-made chocolate equipment. He likes the this so much that he buys it immediately. He ships the equipment to his Carmel factory in Lancaster, Pennsylvania.
1894 Milton Hershey creates his first candy bar. He also makes baking chocolate, cocoa, and chocolate coatings for caramels.
1894 Otto J. Scholenleber starts the Ambrosia Chocolate Company in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. Later he switches to making bulk chocolate for large companies such as Hostess, Pillsbury, and Nabisco.
1896 Leo Hirschfield makes the first Tootsie Roll. He names it after his daughter.
1897 People in England ate a record 36 million pounds of chocolate. Europeans ate 100 millions pounds and the people from the United States ate 26 million pounds of chocolate.
1899 Rodolphe Lindt sold his secret formula for making fondant chocolate to David Sprüngli for 1.5 million Swiss francs. He forms a new partnership and the company becomes Lindt & Sprüngli.
1899 Jean Tobler begins a chocolate company in Bern.
The Beginnings of Chocolate The 1500's The 1600's The 1700's The
1800's
The
1900's
Back to the Chocolate Index