||Francois-Louis Cailler returns from Italy where he
studied chocolate-making. He established the first Swiss chocolate factory in
||John Cadbury, a Quaker who tried to convince people
that drinking chocolate was much healthier than alcohol, opens a tea and coffee shop in
||Coenraad Van Houten, a Dutch chocolate maker, invents
a hydraulic press that is used to make cacao powder.
||Francois-Louis Cailler opens a large plant in Corsier,
||Cailler opens a second chocolate factory in Vevey,
Switzerland. Twenty years later this factory is sold to Julien and Daniel Peter who invent
||The first manufacturer of chocolate in England creates
the first chocolate bars. Their shop is called J. S. Fry & Sons. Not many people liked
this because of its bitter taste.
||John Cadbury joins with his brother Benjamin to form
the Cadbury Brothers of Birmingham. A year later the business goes to John's sons, Richard
||Richard Cadbury creates the heart-shaped candy box for
||The Baker's Chocolate Company obtains the rights to use
the painting La Belle Chocolatiere, by the Swiss artist Jean-étienne Liotard.
The painting shows the wife of Prince Dietrichstein as a maid serving chocolate. This was
how she was dressed when the prince first mets her. Baker's Chocolate Company will use
this same painting as their company trademark. This is one of the oldest product
trademarks in the United States.
||Jean Tobler begins production of handmade confections
in Bern, Switzerland.
||Baker's Chocolate Company begins to use the chocolate
girl painting as the company trademark.
||Daniel Peter figures out how to combine milk and cocoa
power to create milk chocolate.
||Rodolphe Lindt invents the conch. This is a machine
that stirs liquid chocolate to break down any remaining clumps. This machines makes the
chocolate smooth for the first time. Lindt calls this chocolate fondant and labels his
candy bars Lindt Surfin.
||Henri Nestlé dies in Montreux, Switzerland. He was the
founder of the Nestlé Company.
||Milton Hershey goes to the World's Colombian Exposition
in Chicago. He watches a demonstration of German-made chocolate equipment. He likes the
this so much that he buys it immediately. He ships the equipment to his Carmel factory in
||Milton Hershey creates his first candy bar. He also
makes baking chocolate, cocoa, and chocolate coatings for caramels.
||Otto J. Scholenleber starts the Ambrosia Chocolate
Company in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. Later he switches to making bulk chocolate for large
companies such as Hostess, Pillsbury, and Nabisco.
||Leo Hirschfield makes the first Tootsie Roll. He names
it after his daughter.
||People in England ate a record 36 million pounds of
chocolate. Europeans ate 100 millions pounds and the people from the United States ate 26
million pounds of chocolate.
||Rodolphe Lindt sold his secret formula for making
fondant chocolate to David Sprüngli for 1.5 million Swiss francs. He forms a new
partnership and the company becomes Lindt & Sprüngli.
||Jean Tobler begins a chocolate company in Bern.