Interactions Between Living Things and Their Environment
The student will investigate how living things interact with one another and with nonliving elements of their environment.
Distinguish between commensalism, parasitism, and mutualism.
Recognize how animals and plants are interdependent.
Predict whether an organism can survive in a particular ecosystem.
Day 1 Interdependence of Plants and Animals
Ecosystem - all the living and nonliving things that can be found in a particular area
Have students name ecosystems while teacher fills in a chart similar to the one below. Next have students brainstorm to fill in additional material. Chart from Enchanted Learning http://members.enchantedlearning.com/biomes/
|Desert||Almost none||hot or cold||poor||sparse - succulents (like cactus), sage brush||sparse - insects, arachnids, reptiles and birds (often nocturnal)|
|Chapparal||dry summer, rainy winter||hot summer, cool winter||poor||shrubs, some woodland (like scrub oak)||drought and fire-adapted animals|
|Tundra||dry||cold||permafrost (frozen soil)||lichens and mosses||migrating animals|
|Taiga||adequate||cool year-round||poor, rocky soil||conifers||many mammals, birds, insects, arachnids, etc.|
|Temperate Deciduous Forest||adequate||cool season and warm season||fertile soil||deciduous trees||many mammals, birds, reptiles, insects, arachnids, etc.|
|Grassland||wet season, dry season||warm to hot (often with a cold season)||fertile soil||grasses (few or no trees)||many mammals, birds, insects, arachnids, etc.|
|Tropical Rainforest||very wet||always warm||poor, thin soil||many plants||many animals|
|Swamp||very wet||warm||nutrient-rich soil||many plants||many animals|
|Cave||variable||cool (and dark)||rocks||almost no plants||few animals|
Discuss that the nonliving factors
determine which plants and animals can live in a particular ecosystem.
World has many environments called ecosystems.
Remembering chart from Day 1 - Which factors influence type of plant and animal population in a specific ecosystem?
amount of rainfall
View ecosystem pyramid.
Which ecosystem is the coldest?
Is the tundra or boreal forest colder?
Which ecosystems are warm?
Which ecosystem receives more rain:
prairie or desert?
tropical deciduous forest or tropical rainforest?
warm desert or cold desert?
Run off the chart for students. Discuss the types of animals, plants, and nonliving factors for each ecosystem.
Day 3 Wetlands, Swamps and Oceans
Giant Science Resource Book EMC 398 - Page 157 Pond Habitat (coloring page)
Enchanted Learning Website - Swamp Animals (Coloring Page with Labels for each Animal)
Make origami paper crane - video showing how to fold paper crane http://www.sadako.com/howtofold.html OR http://www.planetpals.com/IKC/peacecrane.html
Wild About Otters Build-a-Book http://www.mbayaq.org/PDF_files/activities/aquarium_wao_book.pdf
Animals I Spy http://www.mbayaq.org/lc/activities.asp
Giant Science Resource Book EMC 398 - Page 159 Ocean Habitat (coloring page)
Enchanted Learning Website - Ocean Animals Label Me! Printout. (Fill in the blanks to label animals)
Read and complete biome booklets found at Enchanted Learning http://members.enchantedlearning.com/biomes/
Day 4 Forest Biomes (Rainforest, Deciduous, and Boreal)
Giant Science Resource Book EMC 398 - Page 153 Mixed Forest Habitat (coloring page)
Evan-Moor Corp. Learning About Animals page 38 In the Woods (cut, paste, and coloring page)
Instructional Fair, Inc. Science Enrichment page 51 At Home in the Forest Community (Find animals that don't belong.)
Read and complete biome booklets found at Enchanted Learning (Forest Animals) http://members.enchantedlearning.com/biomes/
Giant Science Resource Book EMC 398 - Page 146 Rainforest Habitat (coloring page)
Giant Science Resource Book EMC 398 - Page 147 Map of Rainforest Around the World
Giant Science Resource Book EMC 398 - Page 149 The Rainforest (illustration of 4 plant layers)
Read and complete biome booklets found at Enchanted Learning (Rainforest Animals) http://members.enchantedlearning.com/biomes/
Day 5 Polar, Tundra, and Desert
Giant Science Resource Book EMC 398 - Page 161 Polar Habitat (coloring page)
Animals of the Artic Tundra http://teacher.scholastic.com/products/instructor/images/Arctic_Tundra/arctic_repro.pdf
Make candy elk.
Giant Science Resource Book EMC 398 - Page 150 Desert Habitat (coloring page)
Giant Science Resource Book EMC 398 - Page 151 Deserts of the World (map page)
Read and complete biome booklets found at Enchanted Learning (Desert Animals) http://members.enchantedlearning.com/biomes/
Day 6 Savannas and Grasslands
Giant Science Resource Book EMC 398 - Page 155 Savanna Habitat (coloring page)
Instructional Fair, Inc. Science Enrichment page 49 At Home in the Grassland Community (Find animals that don't belong.)
Day 7 Where does this animal live?
Using the following pages from Giant Science Resource Book EMC 398 have students make a large ecosystem chart like the illustration below. Students cut out animal pictures for the pages below and glue them under the correct ecosystem.
page 145 Pictures of Desert, Ocean, Grassland, Rainforest, Arctic Tundra, and Pond
page 148 Rainforest Animals
page 152 Desert Animals
page 154 Forest Animals
page 156 Savanna Animals
page 158 Pond Animals
page 160 Ocean Animals
page 162 Polar Animals
|Rainforest Animals||Desert Animals||Forest Animals||Savanna Animals||Pond Animals||Ocean Animals||Polar Animals|
Day 8 Interdependence of Plants and Animals
Students make a flow chart illustrating that plant give off oxygen which animals breath, and animals give off carbon dioxide which plants need. http://www.teachtheteachers.org/projects/MBergey/photo_worksheet.html
Why would animals not survive without plants?
Why would plants not survive without animals?
TCAP Coach Lesson 1
Day 9 Relationships Among Organisms
Distinguish between commensalism, parasitism, and mutualism.
Discuss each relationship
commensalism - relationship between two living organisms where one benefits and the other is neither harmed nor helped
one animal attaching itself to another for transportation
using a second organism for housing such as birds that live in holes in trees or orchids which live in trees
birds that live among cattle to eat the insects stirred up as they walk
clownfish lives among the forest of tentacles of an anemone and is protected from potential predators
barnacles attach to shells or whales
parasitism - one organism, usually physically smaller of the two (the parasite) benefits and the other (the host) is harmed
mosquito feeding on a host
hookworms living in host's gut
mutualism - both species benefit from the
PowerPoint with examples of mutualism http://facstaff.bloomu.edu/ccorbin/mutualismexamples.ppt
Flowers and their pollinators (examples: bees and hummingbirds gather nectar and spread pollen)
birds and mammals eat berries and fruits while plant benefits by the dispersal of it seeds
algae and fungi > lichen
bacteria in the cow's gut
predator - one eats another (Herbivores eat plants. Carnivores eats animals.)
Graphic Organizer Plant and Animal Relationships
Examples from the Internet
TCAP Coach Lesson 2
Day 10 Organisms and Their Ecosystems
predator - organism that does the killing
fast leg muscles to catch prey
prey - organism that is eaten as food
fast leg muscles to run away from predator
can hide well
colors that blend in with environment
Prediction Population Changes in Ecosystems- Using plastic animals group according to which ecosystem the animal lives. Introduce new animals and discuss how this affects the biome.
The Best of the Mailbox Worksheet page 62 Keeping the Balance
TCAP Coach Lesson 3