Interactions Between Living Things and Their Environment

 

The student will investigate how living things interact with one another and with nonliving elements of their environment.

 

6.2.2

IL

Distinguish between commensalism, parasitism, and mutualism.

6.2.1

IL

Recognize how animals and plants are interdependent.

6.2.3

IL

Predict whether an organism can survive in a particular ecosystem.

 

http://www.blueplanetbiomes.org/world_biomes.htm

http://www.mbgnet.net/

http://www.cotf.edu/ete/modules/msese/earthsysflr/biomes.html

http://worldbiomes.com/

 

Day 1 Interdependence of Plants and Animals

 

Ecosystem - all the living and nonliving things that can be found in a particular area

   

 

Have students name ecosystems while teacher fills in a chart similar to the one below. Next have students brainstorm to fill in additional material. Chart from Enchanted Learning http://members.enchantedlearning.com/biomes/

 

Biome Water Temperature Soil Plants Animals
Desert Almost none hot or cold poor sparse - succulents (like cactus), sage brush sparse - insects, arachnids, reptiles and birds (often nocturnal)
Chapparal dry summer, rainy winter hot summer, cool winter poor shrubs, some woodland (like scrub oak) drought and fire-adapted animals
Tundra dry cold permafrost (frozen soil) lichens and mosses migrating animals
Taiga adequate cool year-round poor, rocky soil conifers many mammals, birds, insects, arachnids, etc.
Temperate Deciduous Forest adequate cool season and warm season fertile soil deciduous trees many mammals, birds, reptiles, insects, arachnids, etc.
Grassland wet season, dry season warm to hot (often with a cold season) fertile soil grasses (few or no trees) many mammals, birds, insects, arachnids, etc.
Tropical Rainforest very wet always warm poor, thin soil many plants many animals
Swamp very wet warm nutrient-rich soil many plants many animals
Cave variable cool (and dark) rocks almost no plants few animals
Biome Water Temperature Soil Plants Animals

 

Discuss that the nonliving factors determine which plants and animals can live in a particular ecosystem.
 

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Day 2

  1. Discussion:

  1. View ecosystem pyramid.

  1. Run off the chart for students. Discuss the types of animals, plants, and nonliving factors for each ecosystem.

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Day 3 Wetlands, Swamps and Oceans

  1. Giant Science Resource Book EMC 398 - Page 157 Pond Habitat (coloring page)

  2. Enchanted Learning Website - Swamp Animals (Coloring Page with Labels for each Animal)

  3. Make origami paper crane - video showing how to fold paper crane  http://www.sadako.com/howtofold.html OR http://www.planetpals.com/IKC/peacecrane.html

  4. Wild About Otters Build-a-Book http://www.mbayaq.org/PDF_files/activities/aquarium_wao_book.pdf

  5. Animals I Spy http://www.mbayaq.org/lc/activities.asp

  6. Giant Science Resource Book EMC 398 - Page 159 Ocean Habitat (coloring page)

  7. Enchanted Learning Website - Ocean Animals Label Me! Printout. (Fill in the blanks to label animals)

  8. Read and complete biome booklets found at Enchanted Learning http://members.enchantedlearning.com/biomes/

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Day 4 Forest Biomes (Rainforest, Deciduous, and Boreal)

  1. Giant Science Resource Book EMC 398 - Page 153 Mixed Forest Habitat (coloring page)

  2. Evan-Moor Corp. Learning About Animals page 38 In the Woods (cut, paste, and coloring page)

  3. Instructional Fair, Inc. Science Enrichment page 51 At Home in the Forest Community (Find animals that don't belong.)

  4. Read and complete biome booklets found at Enchanted Learning (Forest Animals)  http://members.enchantedlearning.com/biomes/

  5. Giant Science Resource Book EMC 398 - Page 146 Rainforest Habitat (coloring page)

  6. Giant Science Resource Book EMC 398 - Page 147 Map of Rainforest Around the World

  7. Giant Science Resource Book EMC 398 - Page 149 The Rainforest (illustration of 4 plant layers)

  8. Read and complete biome booklets found at Enchanted Learning (Rainforest Animals) http://members.enchantedlearning.com/biomes/

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Day 5 Polar, Tundra, and Desert

  1. Giant Science Resource Book EMC 398 - Page 161 Polar Habitat (coloring page)

  2. Animals of the Artic Tundra http://teacher.scholastic.com/products/instructor/images/Arctic_Tundra/arctic_repro.pdf

  3. Make candy elk.

  4. Giant Science Resource Book EMC 398 - Page 150 Desert Habitat (coloring page)

  5. Giant Science Resource Book EMC 398 - Page 151 Deserts of the World (map page)

  6. Read and complete biome booklets found at Enchanted Learning (Desert Animals) http://members.enchantedlearning.com/biomes/

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Day 6 Savannas and  Grasslands

  1. Giant Science Resource Book EMC 398 - Page 155 Savanna Habitat (coloring page)

  2. Instructional Fair, Inc. Science Enrichment page 49 At Home in the Grassland Community (Find animals that don't belong.)

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Day 7 Where does this animal live?

  1. Using the following pages from Giant Science Resource Book EMC 398 have students make a large ecosystem chart like the illustration below. Students cut out animal pictures for the pages below and glue them under the correct ecosystem.

Rainforest Animals Desert Animals Forest Animals Savanna Animals Pond Animals Ocean Animals  Polar Animals
             
             
             
             
             
             

 

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Day 8 Interdependence of Plants and Animals

 

Students make a flow chart illustrating that plant give off oxygen which animals breath, and animals give off carbon dioxide which plants need. http://www.teachtheteachers.org/projects/MBergey/photo_worksheet.html

Ask questions:

Why would animals not survive without plants?

Why would plants not survive without animals?

 

 

 

TCAP Coach Lesson 1

 

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Day 9 Relationships Among Organisms

 

Distinguish between commensalism, parasitism, and mutualism.

 

Discuss each relationship

Graphic Organizer  Plant and Animal Relationships

 

Examples from the Internet

 

http://www.oceanfootage.com/stockfootage/Sea_Slug

http://www.geocities.com/eco_psychology/

 

 

 

TCAP Coach Lesson 2

 

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Day 10 Organisms and Their Ecosystems

 

  1. predator - organism that does the killing

Characteristics

prey - organism that is eaten as food

 

Characteristics

  1. Prediction Population Changes in Ecosystems- Using plastic animals group according to which ecosystem the animal lives. Introduce new animals and discuss how this affects the biome.

  2. The Best of the Mailbox Worksheet page 62 Keeping the Balance

  3. TCAP Coach Lesson 3