Early Man

6.2.3

E

Identify disadvantages and advantages of nomadic and early farming lifestyles (i.e., shelter, food supply, and, domestication of plants and animals).

6.5.2

WH 1

Recognize the types of early communities (i.e., nomadic, fishing, and farming).

6.1.2

WH 1, 2

Identify the job characteristics of archaeologists, anthropologists, geologists, and historians.

6.4.2

GC

Recognize the steps that give rise to complex governmental organizations (i.e., nomadic, farming, village, city, city-states, and states).

6.5.5
 

WH 1

Identify major technological advances (i.e., tools, wheel, irrigation, river dikes, development of farming, advances in weaponry, written language, and printing press).

6.5.6

WH 1, 2

Recognize the designations for time dating (i.e., BCE, AD, centuries, decades, prehistoric, and historic).

 

 

Day 1 - What is History? and Time Dating

  1. Read "What is History?" from History Pockets - Ancient Civilizations pages 7-9 (Discuss timeline)

  2. Words to Know (ancient, basic needs, civilization, and history) Make study guide History Pockets - Ancient Civilizations pages 5 & 11

  3. Complete worksheet What am I?
     

    Have students make flash cards for each of the following:

    job characteristics of

  4. Time Dating

    Have students make flash cards for each of the following:

    • BCE (before common era)

    • AD (anno domini; (used in dates to mean after the birth of Jesus Christ; also used by non-Christians)

    • centuries (100 years)

    • decades (10 years)

    • prehistoric (before written language)

    • historic (after written language)

  5. Watch video Once Upon a Time - And the Earth Was Created

 

Day 2 Human Evolution

  1. Practice vocabulary with flash cards for words from Day 1.

  2. Watch evolution of man from A Science Odyssey
     

    http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/aso/tryit/evolution/#

  3. Go over and discuss graphic organizer found at Mr. Donn's Ancient History Pages

http://ancienthistory.mrdonn.org/EarlyMan.html#CHEAT

  1. Timeline http://museums.ncl.ac.uk/flint/images/timeline.jpg

  2. Watch video Once Upon a Time - Neanderthal Man, The First Americans, and The Hunters

Day 3 Nomadic Man - Homo Sapiens (Modern)

  1. Practice vocabulary with flash cards for words from Day 1.

  2. Lecture Notes

  1. When and Where

    1. Started in Africa up to 100,000 years ago

    2. Moved into Southern Asia about 65,000 years ago

    3. Moved into Europe about 40,000 years ago

    4. Moved into Russia about 35,000 years ago

    5. Crossed land barrier during last Ice Age into North then South America between 12,000 to 40,000 years ago

    6. Moved into groups of no more than 20 people hunting and gathering - could move quickly from place to place

  2. Way of Life

    1. food

      1. domesticated plants

      2. captured fish, turtles, birds or small rodents

      3. occasionally killed large animals with rocks

        1. oxen

        2. woolly rhinoceroses

        3. elephants

        4. reindeer

        5. bison

      4. gathering wild fruits, seeds, berries, roots, and nuts

    2. clothing

      1. animal skins

    3. shelter

      1. in open or in shelters made of branches

      2. caves or rock shelters

    4. tools

      1. made stone tools and weapons

      2. animals bones

      3. antlers

      4. tusks

Day 4 Early Farming Areas

  1. Practice vocabulary with flash cards for words from Day 1.

  2. Lecture Notes
     

    1. When and Where (View maps from Harcourt Brace Social Studies page 57 & History Pockets - Ancient Civilizations page 13.)

      1. Tigris-Euphrates Valley - 10,000 years ago

      2. Andean  - 9,800 years ago

      3. Nile Valley - 8,000 years ago

      4. Indus Valley - 8,000 years ago

      5. Huang He Valley - 8,000 years ago

      6. Middle America - 5,400 years ago

    2. Way of Life

      1. Food

        1. domesticated plants

        2. Dogs tamed and used for hunting

        3. Domesticated sheep and goats

          1. meat

          2. milk

          3. wool

        4. cattle and pigs

        5. continued hunting wild animals

      2. Shelter

        1. early farming societies built year-round shelters

        2. formed small villages

        3. grew crops on surrounding land

        4. build walls for protection (Jericho)

        5. mud-brick huts

      3. Clothing

        1. weaving

      4. Tools

        1. invented new tools

          1. plow

          2. water collecting

      5. Art

        1. cave drawings

     

  3. Have students complete worksheet from Activity Book page 7 "People of the Stone Age" listing or make a T-chart listing advantages and disadvantages of Farming vs. Nomads.

Farming vs. Nomads
Advantages Disadvantages
  • agriculture provided a reliable food source

  • people invented tools such as the plow

  • more food available

 

  • drought and insect attacks could kill crops and livestock in villages
  • had to raise crops to feed their domesticated animals
  • deaths due to war when people fought to protect farmland

  1. PowerPoint Presentation with Game Show to Review from Jefferson County Schools
     

    Chalkboard Lesson

    Chalkboard Challenge

     

  2. Art Activity - Cave Man Zoo http://www.lessonplanspage.com/ArtMDMakeCaveManZoo-CavePaintingsIdeaK3.htm
    http://www.crystalinks.com/petroglyphs.html

 

Resources

Videos

Once Upon a Time - And the Earth was Created

Once Upon a Time - Neanderthal Man

Once Upon a Time - The First Americans (Man's Journey from Siberia to Alaska)

Once Upon a Time - The Hunters (Sequel to the First Americans)