|6.5.1||WH 1, 2||Read a timeline and order events of the past between prehistory and the Renaissance.|
|6.5.7||WH 1, 2||Recognize major historical time periods (i.e., Early Civilizations, Classical Period, Dark Ages, Middle Ages, and Renaissance).|
Map Reading SPIs
Identify major trade routes (i.e., silk roads, Persian trade routes, African trade routes, Mediterranean trade routes, and ocean routes).
Identify the basic components of a world map (i.e., compass rose, map key, scale, latitude and longitude lines, continents, and oceans).
Identify basic geographic forms (i.e., rivers, lakes, bays, oceans, mountains, plateaus, deserts, plains, and coastal plains).
Identify geographic reasons for the location of population centers prior to 1500 (i.e., coastal plains, deserts, mountains, and river valleys).
Use a variety of maps to understand geographic and historical information (i.e., political maps, resource maps, product maps, physical maps, climate maps, and vegetation maps).
|6.5.13||WH 2||Identify the impact of advances in technology on history (i.e., agricultural revolution, Renaissance scientists, exploration during the 1400s).|
|6.5.3||WH 1, 2||Identify types of artifacts by pictorial representation (i.e., Egyptian, Roman, Greek, Chinese, Native American, Medieval, and Renaissance).|
|6.5.14||WH 2||Recognize how the Renaissance changes the nature of society (i.e., shift from religious domination to science, philosophy, and art).|
|6.5.9||WH 2||Recognize and order major historical events on a timeline between the Middle Ages and Renaissance.|
|6.6.2||WH 1, 2||Recognize the impact of individuals on world history (i.e., Charlemagne, Joan of Arc, William the Conqueror, Ramses II, Julius Caesar, Socrates, Aristotle, Marco Polo, Alexander the Great, King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella, Martin Luther, and Johannes Gutenberg).|
|6.6.1||WH 1, 2||Identify examples of groups impacting world history (i.e., Muslims, Christians, Mongolians, Vikings, slave traders, explorers, merchants/traders, and inventors.)|
|6.1.8||G||Recognize how migration and cultural diffusion influenced the character of world societies (i.e., spread of religions, empire building, exploration, and languages).|
|6.2.6||E||Analyze how basic economic ideas influenced world events (i.e., supply and demand lead to exploration and colonization).|
Day 1 - Getting Out of the Middle Ages
During Middle Ages
northern tribes of Europe were taking over everything
Viking ransacking towns
William conquered England - English language got started
Christians carrying out Crusades
everyone fighting over Jerusalem
At the End of the Middle Ages
Trade Got Better
Crusades educated Europeans
Europeans wanted things the Muslims had from India and china such as rubies, silks, and spices
Swedes started trading with Constantinople
Money from trading
helped towns grow
traders were even lending money to kings
Over time kings begin to rule over larger areas - kings and nobles fought to gain power - kings won
England & France just one king
advantage of one king is whole country has same laws
more planning such as roads and bridges- armies and navies
Technology got better
stirrup, horse collar, wheelbarrow
wagons (4 wheeled with horses hitched in pairs)
wind and water power
gunpowder - from Chinese
With a wheelbarrow a man could move
several times his own weight
to another farm
Wind and water were used more and more for
A very important invention was
the spinning wheel
Nomad raiding slowed down because of
the invention of gunpowder
laws that said they had to stop
Check the reasons we finally got out to the Middle Ages.
___________ Europeans started trading with Muslims from India and China.
___________ Banks opened and people started saving money.
___________ Countries began to be run by just one king.
___________ Wars got smaller.
___________ Technology got better.
True or False
___________ Europeans traders wanted rubies, silks, and spices.
___________ The Swedes started trading with Rome.
___________ Pretty soon traders were lending money to the kings.
___________ Kings and nobles always got along well.
___________ With one king it's better because the whole country has the same rules.
Day 2 - Democracy Started Coming Back
a democracy is a government win which the people have some say about how they will be governed
with kings ruling - government was monarchy (kings have total power and people had no part in the government except to pay taxes)
struggles between King and nobles
Henry II had set up juries for the people - just a start
in 1215 King John signed the Magna Carta
it said that a noble had to be tried before a jury of his equals
no secret trials
king could not start new taxes unless the nobles agreed
limited the power of the king
did nothing for the people-only the nobles
bail (person could put up money and wait for a trial at home)
right of privacy - police could not come into house without a search warrant signed by a judge
accused had right to a lawyer to speak for him
later won the right of free speech and free press
Nobles in England were meeting frequently - called this group of men Parliament
Traders and Business wanted voice in government - became 2 groups - House of Lords (nobles) and House of Commons (traders and businessmen)
Use one of these words to fill in each blank.
The _____________ city-states were democracies.
At first there were struggles between the King and _____________.
Henry II set up _____________ for the people.
The Magna Carta said no more secret _____________.
The Magna Carta also said the King could not start new _____________ unless the nobles agreed.
The nobles who were meeting all the time became known as _____________.
Parliament got back at the king by refusing to _____________ taxes.
The nobles sat in the House of _____________.
Traders, businessmen, and farmers sat in the House of _____________.
Day 3 - Renaissance
Lecture 6.5.14 , 6.6.1
Renaissance mean rebirth
after hundreds of years in Middle Ages, Europe born again
time of inventions
greater emphasis on art, philosophy and science
Causes of Renaissance
as traders (middle class) began making money began spending money on art and science
traders were seeing new things
Two Things Happened
Spanish busy chasing Moors out of Spain
Moors had Greek books - Europeans could see how Greeks thought
Turks took Constantinople (Byzantine Empire capital) in 1453 and renamed it Istanbul
As Byzantines saw what was going to happen gathered books and moved into Europe
Italians found books
Greek and Roman ideas came back
started to write
made paintings - church had extra money so bought many of these
artist moved where they could make money
Renaissance began in Italy then spread
Leonardo da Vinci
invented war machines, pumps, and lathes
Johannes Gutenberg 6.6.2
movable type invented
could make hundreds of copies
this helped give the Spanish and Byzantines books which help spread Greek and Roman ideas (see above)
motion of planets
In the Middle Ages people
took things the way they were
One reason for the Renaissance it that people
had money to spend on art and science
learned to paint
Another reason for the Renaissance is that people rediscovered the
Roman and Greek way of doing things
Most of the Renaissance painting are religious because
the kings told them to paint that way
the church had money to buy the paintings
Leonardo da Vinci
painted and worked on inventions
watched a lot of TV
Invention of movable type was very important because
they could make may books
scientists needed to type
Day 4 - European Explorers
In 1400s – 1500s European nations main goal of explorations was to gain access to resources
Marco Polo 6.6.2
took the Silk Road from Venice to China
met Kublai Khan
made two trips to China
wrote a book about it
this book put the idea of travel into head of others
Many European explorers http://www.mce.k12tn.net/explorers/explorers_start.htm traveled to the Americas
Have students find where explorers to the "New World" came from using the chart. http://printables.familyeducation.com/tv/printables/botr/botr_009_18-21.pdf
Make a Timeline of Marco Polo's life
Day 5 - European Explorers
Christopher Columbus 6.6.2
Italian who talked to Isabella about backing him
Ferdinand and Isabella - King and Queen of Spain
idea was to sail straight west to come to India
fitted him with 3 small ships
Columbus landed on an island in Bahamas
then went to Cuba and Santo Domingo
made 3 more trips
claimed everything for Spain
Christopher Columbus Interactive http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/famouspeople/standard/columbus/index.shtml#focus